The Definition of Law
Law is the set of rules made by a society or country that its citizens must follow. These laws can range from basic things like not stealing to more complex issues such as sex and religion. There are several different fields of law which include criminal, civil, and international. Law is an important subject for study and can be the source of scholarly work in subjects such as history, philosophy, and sociology. It also raises important and complex questions about equality and justice.
The precise definition of law is a matter of some debate, and it has been described as both a science and an art. It is generally agreed that it is an instrument for securing social justice. However, the precise nature of law and its relationship to other social institutions is more contentious.
A major problem with studying law is determining what it actually is. There are many different definitions of law, and each one is likely to have its own scholarly and political significance. Some of these definitions are based on the concept that law is a system of normative statements, with a descriptive or causal character (like the laws of gravity) rather than an empirical statement about the real world (such as the Law of Demand).
Other approaches to defining law take a more historical view, looking at it as a product of the silent growth of custom or the result of unformulated public and professional opinion. A key criticism of this approach is that it fails to acknowledge that the purpose of law is to regulate behaviour.
Some theorists have argued that the fundamental purpose of law is to secure social justice. Others have pointed out that there are other reasons for making and enforcing laws, such as establishing standards, maintaining order, resolving disputes and protecting liberties and rights.
Another definition of law is a concept that is both an instrument and an end in itself. This is a much more subjective view of the function of law, and it is often difficult to apply consistently across jurisdictions.
Another way to define law is to look at it as a dynamic concept, which must change with the changes in the society. This view of law is often associated with the sociological school of jurisprudence, which is concerned with the effect that laws have on society. This is a complex field of research, and it can involve issues such as censorship; crime and punishment; and the military. It can also address the issue of terrorism and other international problems. Law also has a role in the administration of government, and can be used to address matters such as taxation. See also constitutional law; legal education; and social work.