What Is Law?
Law is a set of rules that society develops in order to deal with crime, business agreements and social relationships. People who work in law are called lawyers.
A legal system is a set of laws that people must follow or face punishment, such as fines and jail time. The laws are made by a government and apply to all citizens.
In general, laws protect the rights of individuals and help to keep a country safe and peaceful. They also ensure that governments, public officials and the police work together in an orderly way.
Examples of laws include criminal and civil statutes, regulations, court decisions and other forms of rules that a government creates. Some of these laws are made by the executive branch of a government. Others are made by a legislature, which is made up of members of the public who write laws that affect everyone in a specific area.
Some of these laws are written by the government and some are made by private organizations, such as a religious group or an organization that represents a particular interest. For example, many laws require that businesses and schools have insurance.
Companies are also important parts of the law, and their owners or shareholders must be protected by contracts and other laws that regulate the way they run their businesses. The law of corporations, which is codified in the UK, the US and Australia, deals with how companies operate.
Commercial law covers complex contract and property law, such as agency, insurance, bills of exchange and insolvency. It began with the medieval Lex Mercatoria and is now codified in the UK Sale of Goods Act 1979 and the US Uniform Commercial Code.
Employment law involves a tripartite relationship between employers, employees and trade unions that entitle workers to a fair contract and a safe workplace. It also includes such issues as labour rights, collective bargaining and the right to strike.
Procedures and evidence law are important areas of the law that deal with how courts must process cases during a trial and on appeal. They involve things such as whether a witness can be questioned by the prosecution, or whether materials must be admitted into evidence to build a case.
Lawyers are the people who practice law in a legal system, and they must have a special qualification or be licensed to do so by law. They may be called solicitors, barristers or attorneys, depending on their area of expertise and the rules that govern their profession.
They are regulated by the law, usually through an independent regulating body such as a bar association or law society. There are few titles of respect to signify a famous lawyer, such as an Esquire or Doctor of Laws.
The law has been an important part of the world’s culture for thousands of years. The idea that people should have a right to justice and that the state should not infringe on those rights has become a guiding principle of western societies, and has been the focus of many debates over the centuries.